Turkey 14 – Kaklik Cave, Hierapolis, Laodicaea, Karahayit

Kaklik Cave – entry is through a sink hole formed when the roof of the cave collapsed
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A mini – Pammukale inside a cave, formed approximately 2.5 million years ago
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There is a distinct smell of rotten eggs, indicating a high level of hydrogen sulphide
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Public access is limited to a small area of the cave, due to dangerously high levels of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide as one goes deeper
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It was a short walk so we retraced our steps while videotaping the cave interior..
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Laodicaea – the main street
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Reconstructed pillars in Temple A
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Pammukale can be seen in the distance, on the right side
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Ruins of the stadium
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Karahayit – site of Iron rich thermal springs, resulting in more colourful travertines
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Necropolis at Hierapolis – one of the best preserved and largest in Anatolia, with approx. 1,200 graves
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Several different types of tombs are seen, e.g. tumuli
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Tomb of the Curses – an inscription on the façade invokes all sorts of diseases, misfortunes and punishments on anyone who dares enter..
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Guess who had to take up the challenge??
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Left the tombs behind and reached the city – Frontinus Gate, Hierapolis
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Just outside the gates, saw an olive oil press
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The theatre
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Pluto’s Gate, Temple of Apollo (Gateway to the Underworld) – This was a small cave in which noxious gases were present in high concentrations, resulting in the instant death of small animals and birds thrown in as sacrifices. The priests, who probably held their breath, were the only ones who could enter the cave and emerge unharmed, leading people to believe they had special powers. – Amit listening to the hissing/bubbling sound of the gases inside
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Sunset at Pammukale
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